Day 233 - 26 03 96 - Page 10
HOWARD LYMAN, Examined:
1 choices. As production recommendation from the land grant
2 colleges and the government extension services became more
3 well known, the treatment of all animals started towards
4 the present day systems of total confinement, feeding diets
5 that reflect surplus products, and use of many chemicals
6 that were never known of at the time I started animal
9 Can you just explain what you mean by surplus products --
10 needing diets that reflect surplus products?
11 A. When I was feeding cattle, all products that had
12 feeding values were tested on animals, such things as
13 cement dust, paper, potatoes.
15 MR. JUSTICE BELL: What was the second one?
16 A. Paper, manure. These were things that were carried in
17 the literature recommended to most operators, such as
18 myself, looking at the products that were available in the
19 area. Say, for example, you had a damn that was being
20 built in the area and there was contaminated cement that
21 was available, that was free for the picking up; many
22 people tried it, fed it. Almost every feedlot I knew of
23 scraped up manure and added it to the ration. It came to
24 the point where there was a computer service available, and
25 this computer service, you would have all of the
26 bi-products that were available in the area, and this would
27 be from manufacturing bi-products, including the ones we
28 talked about, or claypits or -- you name it.
30 They would be listed according to their nutritive value;
31 they would be listed according to their price; and you
32 could go to the service, ask them to grind out a
33 formulation of feed for your animals, and they would do
34 that; and it would be the lowest cost ration of whatever
35 was out there, including all of the products that we have
36 talked about.
38 I have personally fed all of those things that we have
39 talked about; and that was a standard in the industry of
40 people trying them out. Many of them did not make sense,
41 depending on your access to them; but almost all of them
42 were tried.
44 MS. STEEL: What about slaughterhouse bi-products?
45 A. I lived three miles from a slaughterhouse. When we
46 started, we were able to -- that slaughterhouse was
47 connected with a rendering plant. The bi-products out of
48 the slaughterhouse were turned into meat meal. We started
49 out buying that, feeding them to chickens and pigs, and
50 then moved up to feeding them to cattle.
52 Today in the United States, 14 per cent of all cows by
53 volume are basically ground up and fed back to other cows.
54 I have great concern that that will do the same thing in
55 our country as the problem you are having here.
57 MR. RAMPTON: My Lord, this really is beyond the pale. This is
58 just a publicity stunt by the Defendants.
60 MS. STEEL: Feeding slaughterhouse waste to other animals has