- Capitalism and Alternatives -

More on Namibia

Posted by: Nikhil Jaikumar ( DSA, MA, USA ) on August 03, 1999 at 14:31:38:

In Reply to: Whoa right there Vishinsky posted by Krasny on August 03, 1999 at 12:13:08:

Actually, Krasny, your original point was that the government in Namibia, as well as the one in Angola, was the beneficiary of Cuban military intervention. the point seems to have gotten lost since then, so let me add: Namibia's government today is maybe the most liberal in Africa, run by a democratically elected Marxist party (South-West African People's Organization) that has about 80% support of the people. They are there today, and namibia is free, largely because of Cuban support.

Namibia was first colonized in 1884 by Germany, and was the site of the century's first genocide and one of its bloodiest, when General Lothar von Trotha decided to open it up to economic development by entirely exterminating the Herero tribe. About 40% of the whole territory's population was killed, many by being drivenm into tehd esert after the Germans had poisoned the waterholes. After the first World war, South Africa administered the territory on behalf of the League of Nations. After WWII, South Africa brought apartheid into teh territory and made clear its intentions never yto give namibia independence (which is what a "UN mandate" requires). South Africa was opposed by teh Marxist SWAPO as well as some smaller white liberal groups. The UN recognized SWAPO as the rightful rulers of Namibia, and their guerrillas found sanctuary in Angola. For a long time South African troops in Namibia were at war with Angola and Cuba, and teh war raged on both sides of the border. Eventually in 1990 South Africa, unable to fight any longer, declared a truce; they would grant freedom to namibia if Cuba pulled out of Angola. SA was obviously giving up much more, since Cuba had never claimed territorial control over Angola. In this way Cuba was respondible for teh liberation of Namibia. President Sam Nujoma of SWAPO was elected, and Namibia's constitution (available on the WEB) is today one of the most liberal, democratic and socialist-inclined in Africa. He has nationalized some industried and declared his intention to bring health care, education and housing to everyone and to "fight capitalism and imperialism".

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