BSE & CJD links

This is an old page. We have neither updated it, or checked any of the links for some time. If you happen to notice that any of the links are no longer valid (very likely by now), or you would like to suggest new links - please contact us by email to

Check out our other BSE related pages:

Latest news and additions

  • Mad Cows and Englishmen - OneWorld Online reports
    OneWorld Online's Science Correspondent investigates the furore over the BSE issue and looks at the still unanswered questions, tackling issues such as prions, CJD and government misinformation.

  • Times - March 26 1996. GOVERNMENT ADVISERS
    'If restrictions are enforced the risk will be very small' (heard that before, haven't we)

  • Times - March 26 1996. Science is no substitute for judgment
    A risk is a risk but how small is small? The Health Secretary, Stephen Dorrell, presented the House of Commons with a great weight of scientific opinion yesterday but he failed to answer the question on which the future of British beef hangs.

  • Times - March 26 1996. Ignorance clouds official advice
    THE advice given by the Government's advisory committee on BSE rests on shakier foundations than Stephen Dorrell, the Health Secretary, sought to imply in his statement to the Commons yesterday. Mr Dorrell emphasised that his actions have been dictated by the scientific facts. Yet the committee's advice is three quarters opinion and only about a quarter fact.

  • Times - March 26 1996. Labour accuses ministers of repeated failure to act
    THE Government's reckless disregard for public health and obsession with deregulation was the cause of the "mad cow" crisis, Labour said yesterday.

  • Times - March 26 1996. Herd destroyed after one cow found infected
    A HERD of 151 cattle was slaughtered by French health authorities yesterday after one animal was found to have "mad cow" disease.

  • Times - March 26 1996. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
    BSE and need for new approach to animal husbandry, from Professor Michael A. Crawford.

  • Times - March 26 1996. Protest by Major as Brussels claims right to order world ban
    THE European Union last night imposed a worldwide ban on British beef exports after the Government held back from new measures - including the mass slaughter of cattle.

  • Times - March 26 1996. Sceptics deplore 'hysterical nonsense'
    STEPHEN DORRELL, the Health Secretary, led furious Tory reaction to the European Union ban on British beef, describing the decision as "outrageous and totally unjustified."

  • Times - March 26 1996. Farmers demand that EC's 'extraordinary decision' be overturned
    FARMERS denounced the European Union's worldwide ban on British beef exports yesterday as an unjust decision prompted by political emotion. The ban will wipe out a trade worth stlg600 million a year.

  • Times -March 26 1996. Wholesale market virtually halted
    SALES of British beef in the wholesale markets were said to have been all but halted yesterday and the Consumers' Association reaffirmed that the only way to avoid further risk from BSE was to continue the boycott.

  • Times - March 26 1996. Two more patients may have new strain of CJD
    SCIENTISTS disclosed yesterday that two more patients may be infected with the new strain of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, which has been linked to BSE in cattle.

  • Times - March 26 1996. Jittery markets hit pound
    The pound and British stocks and bonds suffered yesterday as investors reacted to the beef crisis.

  • uk/ifst/hottop5.htm
    IFST: Current Hot Topics BSE "MAD COW DISEASE"
    Because new developments and new information have outdated the Institute of Food Science & Technology's Position Statement dated 6 February 1996, that version is withdrawn and work is proceeding on the preparation of an updated Statement which will appear here on 28 March

    Mar 20th,96. Statements released from the UK Department of Health
    Statement from the Secretary of State for health, Statement from the Chief Medical Officer, Statement from the Spongiform Encephalopathy Advisory Committe

  • html
    British Beef Herd at Risk - Thursday March 21 11:35 PM EST
    LONDON (Reuter) - Britain raised the specter of slaughtering the country's entire 11 million head of beef cattle Thursday as panic spread through Europe about ``mad cow'' disease.

  • goph r://
    Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
    U.S. Department of Agriculture Factsheet Veterinary Services March 1996 Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

    Information concerning BSE for the scientific world.
    An attempt is made to spread to everyone the data that is needed about BSE. This is carried out by continuously creating pages of the web to carry specific aspects that may be of use to you.
    Europeans Also at Risk from Mad Cow Disease
    A press release from Viva! - August 10, 1995.

    Mad Cow Disease in the News. Two articles on BSE.
    Tighter Curbs on Mad Cow Disease (BSE)
    Government Claims Challenged (Nov 95)

  • http://enviroli
    A third British dairy farmer has dies
    ...raising concern about a possible connection to the "mad cow" malady that has swept British herds. But scientists say they have no proof that the farmer contracted Creutzfeld-Jakob disease, the human form of the cattle disease, from farm animals.

    rbGH Approval Could Hasten Spread of BSE Michael Hansen, PhD. Use of rbGH will increase the amount of rendered protein fed to dairy cows. We are concerned that some of the rendered animals may be contaminated with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or a BSE-like disease, and that rbGH will accelerate the spread of this disease.

    Mad Cow Disease "Much More Serious Than AIDS" by Michael Greger
    Only three children died. Granted, they convulsed to death in a pool of bloody diarrhea, but all in all E. coli is a pretty wimpy pathogen. After centuries of humans eating rotting corpses, you would think that nature could cook up a more nasty microbe. Let's suppose there was something in our food supply that wasn't affected by cooking or antibiotics. Something new and undetectable, perhaps. Some ultimate pathogen, practically indestructible, evading the immune system and maybe causing some invariably fatal neurodegenerative disease. Science fiction? Well, guess what...

    Web pages etc.

    CNS Pathology - Images of CJD infected brain tissue.

    RebPage: the brain in health and disease :

  • http://www.ce
    The hompages of David A. Harris, M.D., Ph.D, Assistant Professor
    in the Department of Cell Biology and Physiology. The major focus of his laboratory is on understanding the molecular pathogenesis of an unusual group of neurodegenerative diseases known as spongiform encephalopathies, or slow viral diseases. These disorders, which include Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and kuru in man, and scrapie in animals, are characterized by dementia, ataxia and tremor, and are invariably fatal.

    It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Maff World - The Vegetarian Autumn 1993
    Back in the fifties, the government was economical with the truth about the dangers of smoking. Now, 40 years on, they are still following the same 'economic' policy with BSE according to Richard Lacey, Professor of Microbiology at Leeds University.

    The Pleece Brothers Present.....VELOCITY c (Fiction (so far))
    It all began last year after the milkman had delivered us a bottle of Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseased cow's cum (after a mix up at the lab) for us to throw over our sugar coated equally barmy monkey's bollox cereal (or Honey nut loops - same lab different mix up I'm afraid).

    How Now Mad Cow? by Professor Richard Lacey
    The risk of mass infection of BSE in humans is very real. At last the truth explained. Professor Lacey has been an advisor to the British Government and is widely recognised as a world authority on mad cow disease. What is BSE and how did it start?

    Fears increase over BSE.
    Research continues to try to establish whether there is a link between Mad Cow Disease and its human equivalent, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease. Lately, there's been a huge swing in public opinion from an attitude of caution to that of direct panic. The authorities are banning beef from school menus and consumers are looking for alternatives on the supermarket shelves. But who is right? Should we do as MP Selwyn Gummer did and shove a beefburger into his daughter's mouth (which incidentally she didn't eat) or opt for the 'purer' forms of meat or even ban it altogether?

    (Don't drink your milk until you have read this!)
    There are two other cow-related diseases that you should be aware of. At this time they are not known to be spread by the use of dairy products and are not known to involve man. The first is bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), and the second is the bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV).

    Latest Figures Suggest Mixed Messages on BSE
    Oxford, 11th January 1996 -- New research today from Nielsen's Homescan panel, shows that the beef market enjoyed its usual seasonal uplift in the run up to Christmas but sales relative to last year were down.

  • 1.4 Million Households Have Stopped Buying Beef
    Oxford, 27th December 1995 -- New research today from Nielsen's Homescan panel, reveals that 1.4 million households have stopped buying beef. Confidence in the market has been severely shaken as national headlines debate the threat of BSE.

  • http://netvet
    Special Reference Briefs, Janice C. Swanson National Agricultural Library Beltsville, Maryland 20705 December 1990

    US FDA Alert 10/19/95 - REVISION


    Prion diseases are often called spongiform encephalopathies because of the post mortem appearance of the brain with large vacuoles in the cortex and cerebellum. Probably most mammalian species develop these diseases.

    Don A. Franco, DVM, MPH, Director, Scientific Services, National Renderers Association

    US Montana Laboratory of persistent viral diseases:
    Scrapie is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of sheep and goats characterized by a long incubation period followed by a progressive illness involving degeneration of the central nervous system.

    Foreign Animal Diseases Information Resource Guide for Emergency Planning
    A Joint Project of the Inter-agency Emergency Preparedness Committee, the Provincial Emergency Program, and the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food, British Columbia.

    The Vegetarian Society UK - Cattle Information Sheet
    Bovine spongiform encepholopathy (BSE) is another disease of cattle which has received widespread attention. Over 100,000 cases of BSE have been confirmed and as most animals are slaughtered before they are old enough to show any symptoms the true number of infected animals is probably closer to 500,000.

  • #spongiform
    Report of the WHO Informal Consultation on Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy in the United Kingdom Geneva, 7 May 1993

    US Ohio State University. - Prion Diseases

    Dementia in Creutzfeldt Jakob disease
    Clinical description and diagnostic guidelines, Diagnostic criteria for research

    BSE and pet food
    With the recent discovery of several British cats with BSE-like brain abnormalities, media attention shifted to speculate that British petfoods containing brains from infected sheep or cows could be involved.


    The UK Governments own 'open' server
    (Don't expect much information here.) MAFF, UK: BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy)

    British Meat Information BSE and CJD - Fiction and Fact.
    Fiction: There is a link between Bovine Spongiform... (13 Dec 95) (you will find that this document is currently missing from the Meat and Livestock commissions pages, wierd! ;-)

    Oct 13 (Reuter) -
    British drug company Proteus International Plc said on Thursday it had pioneered a test for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, or ``mad cow disease'', that could eventually determine whether live cattle are infected.

    Other 'lists of links' to BSE related pages

  • IAO - BSE links bse.htm
    IAO -- Bovine spongiform encephalopathy - The Independent Agrochemical Observer in Denmark
    (a large and very up-to-date list)

  • Varner
    (This site is in the USA. It lists BSE related resources and may well have links not found here.)

  • NIAH Japan
    Bovine Spongiform Enecephalopathy pages at the National Institute of Animal Health (Japan)
    (also very up-to-date, check it out)

    Mailing Lists

    There is an emailing list dedicated to the subject of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy.
    The address is : BSE-L@RZ.UNI-KARLSRUHE.DE
    The following are a selection of archived messages from the list relating to the link between BSE and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease.


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