BSE & CJD links
This is an old page. We have neither updated it, or checked any of the links
for some time. If you happen to notice that any of the links are no longer valid
(very likely by now), or you would like to suggest new links - please contact us by email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Check out our other BSE related pages:
news and additions
Mad Cows and Englishmen - OneWorld Online reports
OneWorld Online's Science Correspondent investigates the furore over the BSE issue and looks at the still unanswered questions, tackling issues such as prions, CJD and government misinformation.
Times - March 26 1996. GOVERNMENT ADVISERS
restrictions are enforced the risk will be very small' (heard that
before, haven't we)
Times - March 26 1996. Science is no substitute for
A risk is a risk but how small is small? The Health
Secretary, Stephen Dorrell, presented the House of Commons with a
great weight of scientific opinion yesterday but he failed to answer
the question on which the future of British beef hangs.
Times - March 26 1996. Ignorance clouds official
THE advice given by the Government's advisory committee
on BSE rests on shakier foundations than Stephen Dorrell, the Health
Secretary, sought to imply in his statement to the Commons yesterday.
Mr Dorrell emphasised that his actions have been dictated by the
scientific facts. Yet the committee's advice is three quarters opinion
and only about a quarter fact.
Times - March 26 1996. Labour accuses ministers of repeated
failure to act
THE Government's reckless disregard for public
health and obsession with deregulation was the cause of the "mad cow"
crisis, Labour said yesterday.
Times - March 26 1996. Herd destroyed after one cow found
A HERD of 151 cattle was
slaughtered by French health authorities yesterday after one animal
was found to have "mad cow" disease.
Times - March 26 1996. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
need for new approach to animal husbandry, from Professor Michael A.
Times - March 26 1996. Protest by Major as Brussels claims
right to order world ban
THE European Union last night imposed
a worldwide ban on British beef exports after the Government held back
from new measures - including the mass slaughter of cattle.
Times - March 26 1996. Sceptics deplore 'hysterical
STEPHEN DORRELL, the Health Secretary, led furious
Tory reaction to the European Union ban on British beef, describing
the decision as "outrageous and totally unjustified."
Times - March 26 1996. Farmers demand that EC's
'extraordinary decision' be overturned
FARMERS denounced the
European Union's worldwide ban on British beef exports yesterday as an
unjust decision prompted by political emotion. The ban will wipe out a
trade worth stlg600 million a year.
Times -March 26 1996. Wholesale market virtually
SALES of British beef in the wholesale markets were
said to have been all but halted yesterday and the Consumers'
Association reaffirmed that the only way to avoid further risk from
BSE was to continue the boycott.
Times - March 26 1996. Two more patients may have new strain
SCIENTISTS disclosed yesterday that two more patients
may be infected with the new strain of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease,
which has been linked to BSE in cattle.
Times - March 26 1996. Jittery markets hit pound
pound and British stocks and bonds suffered yesterday as investors
reacted to the beef crisis.
IFST: Current Hot Topics BSE "MAD COW
Because new developments and new information have
outdated the Institute of Food Science & Technology's Position
Statement dated 6 February 1996, that version is withdrawn and work is
proceeding on the preparation of an updated Statement which will
appear here on 28 March
Statements released from the UK Department of Health
from the Secretary of State for health, Statement from the Chief
Medical Officer, Statement from the Spongiform Encephalopathy Advisory
British Beef Herd at Risk - Thursday March 21 11:35 PM
LONDON (Reuter) - Britain raised the specter of slaughtering
the country's entire 11 million head of beef cattle Thursday as panic
spread through Europe about ``mad cow'' disease.
and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Factsheet Veterinary Services March 1996 Bovine Spongiform
Information concerning BSE for
the scientific world.
An attempt is made to spread to everyone the
data that is needed about BSE. This is carried out by continuously
creating pages of the web to carry specific aspects that may be of use
Europeans Also at Risk from Mad Cow Disease
A press release from Viva! - August 10, 1995.
Cow Disease in the News. Two articles on BSE.
Tighter Curbs on Mad
Cow Disease (BSE)
Government Claims Challenged (Nov 95)
A third British dairy farmer
...raising concern about a possible connection to the
"mad cow" malady that has swept British herds. But scientists say they
have no proof that the farmer contracted Creutzfeld-Jakob disease, the
human form of the cattle disease, from farm animals.
Could Hasten Spread of BSE Michael Hansen, PhD. Use of rbGH will
increase the amount of rendered protein fed to dairy cows. We are
concerned that some of the rendered animals may be contaminated with
bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or a BSE-like disease, and
that rbGH will accelerate the spread of this disease.
Mad Cow Disease "Much More Serious Than AIDS" by Michael Greger
Only three children died. Granted, they convulsed to death in a pool
of bloody diarrhea, but all in all E. coli is a pretty wimpy pathogen.
After centuries of humans eating rotting corpses, you would think that
nature could cook up a more nasty microbe. Let's suppose there was
something in our food supply that wasn't affected by cooking or
antibiotics. Something new and undetectable, perhaps. Some ultimate
pathogen, practically indestructible, evading the immune system and
maybe causing some invariably fatal neurodegenerative disease. Science
fiction? Well, guess what...
Web pages etc.
Pathology - Images of CJD infected brain tissue.
brain in health and disease :
The hompages of David A.
Harris, M.D., Ph.D, Assistant Professor
in the Department of Cell
Biology and Physiology. The major focus of his laboratory is on
understanding the molecular pathogenesis of an unusual group of
neurodegenerative diseases known as spongiform encephalopathies, or
slow viral diseases. These disorders, which include Creutzfeldt-Jakob
disease and kuru in man, and scrapie in animals, are characterized by
dementia, ataxia and tremor, and are invariably fatal.
It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Maff World - The Vegetarian Autumn 1993
in the fifties, the government was economical with the truth about the
dangers of smoking. Now, 40 years on, they are still following the
same 'economic' policy with BSE according to Richard Lacey, Professor
of Microbiology at Leeds University.
Brothers Present.....VELOCITY c (Fiction (so far))
It all began
last year after the milkman had delivered us a bottle of
Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseased cow's cum (after a mix up at the lab) for
us to throw over our sugar coated equally barmy monkey's bollox cereal
(or Honey nut loops - same lab different mix up I'm afraid).
Mad Cow? by Professor Richard Lacey
The risk of mass infection of
BSE in humans is very real. At last the truth explained. Professor
Lacey has been an advisor to the British Government and is widely
recognised as a world authority on mad cow disease. What is BSE and
how did it start?
Fears increase over BSE.
Research continues to try to establish
whether there is a link between Mad Cow Disease and its human
equivalent, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease. Lately, there's been a huge
swing in public opinion from an attitude of caution to that of direct
panic. The authorities are banning beef from school menus and
consumers are looking for alternatives on the supermarket shelves. But
who is right? Should we do as MP Selwyn Gummer did and shove a
beefburger into his daughter's mouth (which incidentally she didn't
eat) or opt for the 'purer' forms of meat or even ban it altogether?
drink your milk until you have read this!)
There are two other
cow-related diseases that you should be aware of. At this time they
are not known to be spread by the use of dairy products and are not
known to involve man. The first is bovine spongiform encephalopathy
(BSE), and the second is the bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV).
Suggest Mixed Messages on BSE
Oxford, 11th January 1996 -- New
research today from Nielsen's Homescan panel, shows that the beef
market enjoyed its usual seasonal uplift in the run up to Christmas
but sales relative to last year were down.
Households Have Stopped Buying Beef
Oxford, 27th December 1995
-- New research today from Nielsen's Homescan panel, reveals that 1.4
million households have stopped buying beef. Confidence in the market
has been severely shaken as national headlines debate the threat of
ENCEPHALOPATHY SRB 91-05
Special Reference Briefs, Janice C.
Swanson National Agricultural Library Beltsville, Maryland 20705
Alert 10/19/95 - REVISION
"AUTOMATIC DETENTION OF BULK SHIPMENTS
OF HIGH-RISK BOVINE TISSUE FROM BSE-COUNTRIES--BOVINE SPONGIFORM
PROHIBITING SHEEP AND GOAT OFFAL IN RUMINANT
are often called spongiform encephalopathies because of the post
mortem appearance of the brain with large vacuoles in the cortex and
cerebellum. Probably most mammalian species develop these diseases.
REVIEW OF THE
EVOLUTION OF BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY (BSE)
Don A. Franco,
DVM, MPH, Director, Scientific Services, National Renderers
Montana Laboratory of persistent viral diseases:
Scrapie is a
transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of sheep and goats
characterized by a long incubation period followed by a progressive
illness involving degeneration of the central nervous system.
Animal Diseases Information Resource Guide for Emergency Planning
A Joint Project of the Inter-agency Emergency Preparedness Committee,
the Provincial Emergency Program, and the Ministry of Agriculture,
Fisheries, and Food, British Columbia.
Vegetarian Society UK - Cattle Information Sheet
encepholopathy (BSE) is another disease of cattle which has received
widespread attention. Over 100,000 cases of BSE have been confirmed
and as most animals are slaughtered before they are old enough to show
any symptoms the true number of infected animals is probably closer to
11.0 ANIMAL AND HUMAN SPONGIFORM
Report of the WHO Informal Consultation on Bovine
Spongiform Encephalopathy in the United Kingdom Geneva, 7 May 1993
State University. - Prion Diseases
Dementia in Creutzfeldt Jakob disease
Clinical description and
diagnostic guidelines, Diagnostic criteria for research
BSE and pet
With the recent discovery of several British cats with
BSE-like brain abnormalities, media attention shifted to speculate
that British petfoods containing brains from infected sheep or cows
could be involved.
Institute of Animal Health: TRANSMISSIBLE SPONGIFORM
The UK Governments
own 'open' server
(Don't expect much information here.) MAFF, UK:
BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy)
Information BSE and CJD - Fiction and Fact.
Fiction: There is a
link between Bovine Spongiform... (13 Dec 95) (you will find that this
document is currently missing from the Meat and Livestock commissions
pages, wierd! ;-)
Oct 13 (Reuter) -
British drug company Proteus International Plc said on Thursday it had
pioneered a test for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, or ``mad cow
disease'', that could eventually determine whether live cattle are
Other 'lists of links' to BSE related pages
IAO - BSE links http://inet.uni-c.dk/~iaotb
IAO -- Bovine spongiform encephalopathy - The
Independent Agrochemical Observer in Denmark
(a large and very
(This site is in the USA.
It lists BSE related resources and may well have links not found
Enecephalopathy pages at the National Institute of Animal Health
(also very up-to-date, check it out)
There is an emailing list dedicated to the subject of Bovine
The address is : BSE-L@RZ.UNI-KARLSRUHE.DE
The following are a selection of archived
messages from the list relating to the link between
BSE and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease.